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  1. logback
  2. LOGBACK-404

java.util.logging propagated level changes are lost because of race condition with garbage collection



    • Icon: Bug Bug
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • Icon: Major Major
    • 1.0.3
    • 0.9.28
    • None
    • None
    • win7 64-bit, bootstrapped in a Tomcat server


      I have bootstrapped logback in my Tomcat server, and have setup JUL to redirect logging requests to SLF4J by adding the following in my logging.properties:
      .handlers = org.slf4j.bridge.SLF4JBridgeHandler

      Anyways, my setup works pretty nicely. The problem is when I try to activate the JUL LevelChangePropagator, the info doesn't quite propagate as expected.

      Here is my config:
      <configuration debug="true">
      <contextListener class="ch.qos.logback.classic.jul.LevelChangePropagator">

      <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
      <!-- encoders are assigned the type
      ch.qos.logback.classic.encoder.PatternLayoutEncoder by default -->


      [%thread] %-5level %logger


      - %msg%n</pattern>

      <root level="ERROR">
      <appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />

      <logger name="test.propagation" level="TRACE"/> <!-- race condition here? -->

      The problem is that if my app tries to do:
      java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger("test.propagation").fine("hello world");
      ..., it doesn't print.

      I have confirmed that the bug is because, even though the LevelChangePropagator class does propagate the level change info to JUL, it fails to keep a strong reference to the logger that it just changed. By not keeping a strong reference, and because the JUL LogManager only keeps WeakReferences to loggers, then the GC has time to clear out the change before the app's first attempt to use the logger. (see java.util.logging.LogManager#addLogger where the javadoc says "The application should retain its own reference to the Logger object to avoid it being garbage collected. The LogManager may only retain a weak reference")

      To test my hunch, I patched the LevelChangePropagator class by adding a global hashset of java.util.logging.Logger, and I systematically add the loggers to the hashset in the method "propagate(logger,level)". After this patch, my logging started working as expected.

      My fix may not be the best, and may have implications that I did not think about, but I think something along those lines needs to be done to fix the bug.




            ceki Ceki Gülcü
            sstanoje Samuel Stanojevic
            3 Vote for this issue
            4 Start watching this issue